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Hello, ladies and gentlemen, our company is so delighted to have you around in good shape and health, which is our main goal, as a perfect intro into 2020. Today, we shall be looking at some healthy foods we usually consume, what they have ( the goodies or what science called them nutrients) and how they improve our health.

It is very apparent that we consume lots of food and we do not know exactly what we are eating. And if we do not know whatList of nutrients quote by Akon Ebah Hermann we are putting into our stomach as food, then we aren’t different from animals. However, this article will enable us to choose the kinds of food in order to acquire the necessary nutrients that will greatly improve or inspire our healthy life.

Food and Nutrients.

Any substance that you take in and provides your body with the necessary nutrients thus improving your healthy life is known as food. Food can take two main forms: solid ( grains, vegetables, meat and fish, fruits, etc), and liquid ( fruit juice, water, tea, milk, sauces, honey, etc).

Nutrients generally are what make foods important. These are those compounds (substance) found in food that when munched promote health. Six major types of nutrients are usually found in most of the food we take in.

  • Carbohydrates.

These are macro nutrients that serve as an immediate source of energy
for most activities we perform ( like running, walking, playing,
reading etc) and the chemical processes that take place in the cells of
our bodies to sustain life.

Carbs food include rice, cereals, bread, potatoes, sugar, milk,
yams, coco yams, corn, bread, ice cream, yogurt, some fruits, fibers, etc

Carbohydrates in the form of fibers aid in regulating the bowel
movement thus lowering constipation. Consuming fibers also makes you
feel full and this increases weight loss and regulates your blood
cholesterol level.

  • Proteins:

Proteins are usually considered as macro nutrients because their consumption leads to the production of energy and they List of nutrients Protein foodsare usually consumed in fairly large quantities.

Most protein foods include eggs, meat, fish and seafood, diary, legumes, poultry, soy products, etc.

Consuming protein foods provide us with energy that is used during extreme starvation, produce antibodies that help our immune system fight disease-causing agents, function as biological catalysts called enzymes that help speed up reactions in our body thereby improving our health. The consumption of protein is so fascinating that neglecting it, might cause malfunction of our hemoglobin ( red pigment in our blood) since it is made of proteins.

  • Vitamins.

These micro nutrients are organic substances ( compounds) that are required in small amount and are very essential to our body.

Main sources of vitamins include pork, whole grains, enriched bread,
cereals, meat, poultry, fruits, vegetables, milk, and milk products,
leafy green vegetables and legumes, seeds, fruit juice, etc.

Consuming food rich in vitamins aids in cell function, growth, and development.

Vitamins sometimes act as enzymes, speeding biochemical reactions in
your body cells. Some vitamins (Vitamins C and E ) function as antioxidants that neutralize free radicals ( unstable molecules) in our body which if allowed to accumulate will destroy our body cells. Free radicals
(bad guys) usually get into our body either externally by some
environmental factors (air pollution like smoke from cars) or internally
by the formation of harmful by-products of some biochemical reactions
taking place in our cells. So consuming food rich in vitamins that
supply antioxidants saves you and me a great deal.


  • Fats and lipids.
    Fat foods

These macro nutrients are thought to be the maximum producer of energy ( calories) in our body compared to proteins and carbs.

Foods rich in fat nutrients include oil, butter, nuts, seeds, pears, olive, margarine, pork, seafood, etc.

Energy from fats are mainly used as the body storage form of energy and this energy is only used up when that of carbohydrate are exhausted. Fat are also thought to insulate and heat our body during cold or winter season. Munching fat-rich foods supplies us with fats that nourishes the health of skin and hair.

  • Minerals.

These micro nutrients are solid substances that when consumed as food, help the body to develop and grow healthily.

Mineral-rich foods comprise table salt, soybeans, breads, vegetables, processed foods, milk products, canned fish with bones, green legumes, fish, poultry, nuts and seeds, chocolate, eggs, hard water etc.

Ingesting mineral-rich foods keep bones, muscles, and brain in proper condition, and also supply the body with antioxidants ( e;g selenium, zinc, and copper). Minerals also function as enzymes in our body.

  • Water.

This is a colorless, odorless, tasteless liquid that is highly necessary and beneficial for plants’ and animals’ health.

Foods highly rich in water include mushroom, tomatoes, cucumber, spinach, berries, cabbage, coconut water, melon, oranges, broccoli, grapefruit, Brussels sprouts, plain yogurt etc.

  •  Our body generally consists of 60% water and 90% of water makes up our blood. Thus abstaining yourself from water will lead to diverse health issues since this nutrient practically makes a very high amount of your blood. As a result, oxygen may not be fully distributed to all parts of the body.
  • Drinking water also brings about fullness and may lead to weight loss.
  •  Consuming water forms part of your saliva and mucus that help mix food completely during chewing.
  •  Lubricating your joints, regulating your body temperature and clearing away body wastes are other benefits of taking in water.
  •  The consumption of water also helps to lower constipation and boost the skin’s health and beauty ( since there will be no dehydration which causes wrinkles).
  • Roughage.

These are sometimes called fibers and are those parts of plant foods that are indigestible.

These are recently considered as nutrients because of their enormous health benefits.

These are mostly found in carbs food, vegetables, whole grains, seeds, fruits, legumes, nuts etc.

If you consume fiber-rich foods, you may have a feeling of fullness and as a result, you are likely to lose weight. Moreover, this will go a long way to prevent constipation as roughage bring about proper movement of the bowel. Secondly, fibers are very important as food to some helpful bacteria found in your digestive track. Some studies reveal that dietary fibers help regulate your immune system and inflammation (which is your body’s attempt to self-protect itself by getting rid of harmful stimuli thereby commencing the healing process). Nonetheless, the consumption of fibers is also thought to reduce heart diseases ( improve cardiovascular health ) as they bring about a proper check on your cholesterol levels.

To epitomize, nutrients are what make foods very important and for us to know exactly what we eat, it is essential to have a broad idea of the various nutrients present in these foods and how these nutrients play their diverse roles in our health. And as the founder of this amazing empire, Akon rightly quotes, “ if you know what you eat, if you actually have any idea of the constituents (composition) of food you take in situ, you will live healthily.”

Once again we appreciate your effort and dedication on our site and feel more than free to say your opinion as far as this write up is concerned and also stay tuned to our next articles.


Founder of Your Healthy Life (YHL) Website.